BSF Assumes Significant Role In Two-Front War Strategy

China is Pakistan's all weather friend. Securing western front with Pakistan is as important as safeguarding border with China. In case of hostilities from Pakistan, China is likely to intervene. Hence, in such scenarios Border Security Force (BSF) assumes significant role in two front war strategy. BSF completes its glorious 50 years of service to the nation. Let's have a look at BSF, which is world's largest border guarding force.

ü  From 25 battalions in 1965 to 186 battalions; deploying more than 250,000 personnel
ü  Safeguarding over 7000 kms along the India-Pakistan and India-Bangladesh borders
ü  Recovered almost 1,500 crore worth of Heroin during this year
ü  Having deployed over 1,650 personnel to UN Peace Keeping Missions
ü  Awarded over 4,000 medals in recognition of Gallant and Meritorious service


INTRODUCTION OF BORDER SECURITY FORCE

BSF completes sterling 50 years in the service of the Nation on 1st December 2015. The force is celebrating its ‘Golden Jubilee’ to commemorate this historic milestone. The country’s history will record the contribution of the first wall of defence’s i.e. BSFs valour, sacrifices and utmost dedication to the motherland in golden words.

BSF, an elite force of the country with the strength of 25,000 personnel is today, more than 2.50 Lakh strong Force, conferring it the status of largest Border Guarding Force in the world with 186 Battalions (including 3 Disaster Management Battalions). These units are aptly supported by robust Training Institutions, an elaborated Medical Set Up, an Artillery Regiment, Air and Water Wings, Camel contingent & Dog Squads, to come true to the current responsibility of safeguarding International Border with Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Border Security Force is a unique Force with both” Peace time” and “War time” roles and has proven its mettle in most difficult tasks assigned to it by the Government in times of Peace, War and Disturbed Peace (NWNP) at Borders and Hinterland.

The Challenge of effective policing of Indo-Pak border arose immediately after Independence. Till 1965, the police units of bordering States were entrusted with security of this border. The attack by a Pakistan Brigade on Sardar Post in Gujarat necessitated the requirement of an armed force to function under Union Govt. to ensure secured Borders. The need of the hour was to raise an Armed Force trained on the pattern of Army to defend the borders and also work like police to check trans-border crimes during peace and thereby inculcating sense of security to the border population. On the recommendations of a committee of secretaries the BSF came into being under the dynamic leadership of Shri K F Rustamji on 1st Dec 1965. Since raising BSF has been most dependable force for the Govt. in fulfilling arduous tasks and acceptable to the people of nation in times of their need.

Baptised by fire during various sensitive operations, the nascent force grew from strength to strength to become one of the best and trusted professional forces in the country. During the nascent years of its raising the force was tasked to assist Mukti Vahini for Bangladesh Liberation war of 1971. It is on record that BSF was mobilized before the actual war had broken out during Liberation war of Bangladesh.

BSF has also carved out an elevated niche among the security establishments of the nation in Internal Security, Counter Insurgency and Anti Naxal Operations through its dedication and unflinching professionalism. The professional approach and capability of meticulous execution of assigned tasks bestows the Force with the status of the most Dependable Warriors. We have defended our borders with courage and hard work, giving due respect to human rights. We have earned not only laurels but also the faith and cooperation of border population. In this 50th year of our formation we re-dedicate our services to the Nation with a resolve to perform our duties with more vigour and valour and continue to live upto our motto - thou i;ZUr drZO;.

Border Security Force has distinguished itself with flying colours in each and every task assigned to it over the years.

The BSF over the years has always displayed the highest standards of professionalism, valour and loyalty to the Nation while defending borders, countering internal unrest, assisting in natural disasters as well as any other duty assigned to it by the Govt. of India. It is a matter of pride that despite facing various challenges, the BSF has executed its assigned task in an exemplary manner and has earned its rightful place in matters of national security.

BRIEF ABOUT BORDER
-      Length of Border manned by BSF    -   6386.36 Km
-      Indo-Pak Border                                -   2289.66 Km (International Border)
-      Indo-Bangladesh Border                   -   4096.7 Kms
   Total number of Ftrs                          -  13    
   Total number of Bns                          -   186 Nos. (including 3 Disaster Management Bn)


ACTION ON BORDER
Items
Dec 2014 (till 31 Oct 2015)
Seizure of Heroin in Kg
303.589 Kgs
Seizure of FICN
Rs.2,68,67,500/-
Seizure of Arms
78 Nos.
Seizure of Amn
2860 Nos.

NEW INITIATIVES ON INDIA-PAKISTAN BORDER          
(a)          Vulnerability mapping of vulnerable patches on India-Pakistan is carried out.
(b)          Latest equipments like LORROS, HHTI, BFSR, NVGs and Night Vision Devices are provided to the troops to enhance the surveillance capabilities at cutting edge levels. The efforts are on to create surveillance grid to harness the technology for effective border guarding.
(c)          Active border domination and intelligence based operations led to the record seizures of Heroin (280.54 Kg) during 2015 in Punjab.
NEW INITIATIVES ON INDIA-BANGLADESH BORDER
(a)          Vulnerable mapping of BOPs has been completed from the angle of Illegal migration, human trafficking, Phensedyl smuggling, FICN smuggling and cattle smuggling.
(b)          Under CBMP (Coordinated Border Management Plan) signed between India and Bangladesh to resolve minor issues, Nodal officers are detailed by BSF and BGB.
(c)          Day and night SCPs (Simultaneous Coordinated Patrols) are being carried out by both the border guarding forces.
(d)         Improved relationship with Border Guards Bangladesh through various Confidence Building Measures like
(i)         Proposal for establishment of 66 Border haats along Indo-Bangladesh Border, however two border haats are already functioning in Meghalaya-Sunamganj border.
(ii)        Under mutual exchange program, officers and other ranks of both the force will undergo joint courses in training facilities of either forces. Joint exercise will also be conducted in due course of time.
(iii)       A special joint task Force of BSF and BGB has been set-up to check FICN smuggling.
(iv)       Volley ball/ Basketball matches.
(v)        Joint Retreat Ceremony.
(vi)       Witnessing raising days and other functions of either forces.

NEW INITIATIVES BETWEEN BSF (INDIA) - GENERAL AUTHORITY FOR 
PROTECTION (GABP) MONGOLIA
i)                  Organizing the various types of professional training programmes for the Officers of GABP for Border Protection of Mongolia.
ii)                Reciprocal training of BSF Officers by GABP Mongolia for Training/ Courses.
iii)             GABP and BSF agree to organize joint exercises between the two sides.
iv)             Joint discussion on best practices in Border Security being followed by BSF and GABP and exchange visits of field Commanders.

TRAINING:-
            BSF has five national centres of excellence recognized by the government of India which impart specialized training in commando, motor transport and maintenance, weapon and tactics, training for the dog and dog handlers and bomb disposal.
            Over and above, doors of our training centres are open to other central police forces, state police organizations and trainees from foreign countries.

(a)        MAJOR TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
For organizing and carrying out "Basic Fundamental" training and "In Service Professional Training", we have three (03) main training Institutions, (05) Special Training Schools and (11) Subsidiary Training Centres (STCs) across the Country as under:-
·         MAJOR BSF TRG INSTITUTIONS
(i)         TEKANPUR
(ii)        Training Centre & School, Hazaribagh
(iii)       Central School of Weapons and Tactics, Indore

·         SPECIAL TRAINING SCHOOLS
(i)         Central School of Motor Transport, Gwalior
(ii)        National Training Centre for Dogs, Gwalior
(iii)       Signal Training School, Tigri, Delhi
(iv)       Signal Training School, Yelhanka, Bangaluru
(v)        ‘G’ Training School, New Delhi

·         ELEVEN SUBSIDIARY TRAINING CENTRES

ACHIEVEMENTS IN SPORTS
(a)              Since the time of its inception Border Security Force has been in the lime light for its glorious record in the field of sports. The prevalent sports culture in the Force always inculcated the spirit of healthy competition among its Officers and Jawans. The encouragement of sports activities has borne fruits which is evident from the performance of BSF players in national as well as international events. In, recognition to the outstanding performance, the BSF sportsmen have so far been awarded with one Padamshree, 17 Arjuna awards and 02 National Adventure awards.

         (b)              During this period under report, selected persons from BSF representing Indian Police            contingent in Wrestling, Boxing & Swimming competitions at 2015 Fair Fax World Police &              Fire Games which was organized at Virginia (USA) w.e.f. 26th June 2015 to 05th July 2015                 have won 20 medals (02 Gold, 14 Silver & 04 Bronze).
 MEDALS AND DECORATIONS
(a)                Border Security Force is proud of all its achievements & successes which is result of sweat & toil. There is a long list of supreme sacrifices & braveries. To its credit, 01 Borderman has been awarded with Mahavir Chakra, 01 with Ati Vishisti Sewa Medal, 04 with Kirti Chakra, 11 with Vir Chakra, 12 with Shaurya Chakra, 231 with President Police Medal for Gallantry, 56 with Sena Medal, 12 with Vishist Sewa Medal and 864 with President Medal for Gallantry Medals so far. Over 1692 Officers and men have made the supreme sacrifice at the altar of duty to maintain the integrity of the Borders and to uphold its sovereignty. Significantly, these sacrifices have become an inspiration to the Bordermen, in discharging their duties and upholding the motto "Jeevan Paryant Kartavaya".
(b)               The following number personnel of BSF have been awarded Medals on the occasion of Republic Day 2015 and Independence Day 2015.
·               Police Medal for Gallantry                                -           10
·               Police Medal for Distinguished Service            -           11
·               Police Medal for Meritorious Services               -           92
                                                                            
MISSION
(a)        Border Security Force has been regularly deployed in various United Nations Peacekeeping Missions in addition to its primary role of Border guarding. Some of such missions are UN Mission in Namibia-1989, Cambodia-1992, Mozambique-1994, Angola-1995, Bosnia & Herzegovina -1996, 1997, 1998, 1999.
(b)        Presently, BSF contingents are also deployed in Colombo (Sri Lanka), Congo and Haiti. Apart from these missions, BSF personnel are also deployed in many other UN missions as UN police observers.
WELFARE
(a)        Supply of piped water
Serious endeavours are being made by BSF for improving basic amenities at BOPs. Supply of piped water at all the BOPs is being pursued in Mission mode during this year, being the Golden Jubilee Year.

(b)        Solar Power Station
Solar Power Station of 20 KW one each to the 20 BOPs of North East Ftrs (Tripura-8, M&C-8 and Meghalaya- 4) has been installed.

(c)                Advance FRPs for Jawans
BSF is constructing the Fibre Reinforce Plastic (FRP) huts with advance technology for improving the living conditions of BSF Jawans at high altitude with adverse climatic condition.

(d)               Insurance Scheme – ‘Golden Jubilee Prahari Kavach’
BSF introducing ‘Golden Jubilee Prahari Kavach’ insurance scheme after replacing the earlier insurance policy i.e. the SPBY, managed by the LIC. The new insurance policy will be managed in-house by BSF and timely and higher insurance cover will be granted to the NOKs of the deceased as well as disabled personnel.

(e)        Pension adalat
BSF is regularly conducting pension Adalats for retired BSF personnel to sort out their pension related problems. These Adalats are very useful and a large number of pensioners attended the same and most of their grievances were heard and settled on the spot.

(f)        IPP based personal grievance redressal mechanism
Recently BSF started Intra Prahari Project based personal grievance redressal mechanism, henceforth all grievance of Force personnel will be registered and redressed through IPP based computerized system. The present status of any personal grievance cases can be seen/ tracked/ monitored by entering unique ID of the force personnel in the IPP system. 

(g)        E-suggestion portal
E-Suggestion Portal made functional on IPP to invite the suggestion from all serving personnel which are welfare oriented and overall benefits of the force.
(h)        SMS based grievances redressal system
SMS based Grievances Redressal System has been implemented for the benefits of troops.
(i)         Air courier service for jawan’s
BSF is providing Air Courier Servicer to Jawans at following locations:-
(i)                  Kolkata-Agartala and Agartala-Kolkata
(ii)                Kolkata-Aizawl and Aizwal-Kolkata
(iii)              Kolkata-Imphal and Imphal-Kolkata
(iv)              Kolkata-Silchar and Silchar-Kolkata
(v)                Srinagar-Jammu and Jammu-Srinagar
(vi)              Delhi-Leh and Leh-Delhi

Ø  In addition to above routes, new route i.e. Kolkata-Guwahati-Kolkata is under consideration.

(j)         DG’S merit scholarship
Rs.3,48,000/- have been granted under DG’s Merit Scholarship to 20 students out of Central Education Fund.

(k)        BSF education loan
Rs.3,53,46,000/- have been distributed to 398 wards of BSF personnel out of Central Education Fund.

(l)         Financial assistance for education to children of bsf serving personnel
Rs 67,17,200/- has been paid to BSF serving personnel on account of financial assistance for education to children of BSF personnel out of Central Education Fund.  Number of cases during this period is 1500.

(i)         Financial assistance to widows for daughter’s marriage

Rs.84,00,000/- paid to NOKs of BSF personnel for  daughter’s marriage for 140 cases out of SRF.

(m)       Financial assistance To Noks/Widows
Rs.17,65,600/- paid to NOKs/widows of BSF personnel for  190 cases for education of their wards out of SRF.

(n)        Financial assistance out of CBF
Rs 6,41,81,732/- paid  to NOK of deceased/retired BSF personnel on account of financial assistance out of Contributory Benevolent Fund.

BSF AIR WING
(a)                BSF Air Wing came into existence in the year 1969 with a single Queen Air C-80 aircraft. Thereafter utility of its operations and services were extended to cover all Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) in the year 1974. With Civil aviation making rapid advances in all fields, BSF Air Wing has brought about a qualitative change in the total flying environment by the process of expansion, reorganisation and modernisation.
(b)                With an aim to cater for the growing needs of the troops deployed in various parts of the country, Air Wing inducted new aircrafts to its fleet thereby becoming one of the prized assets of MHA. Present Air Wing Fleet consists of Embraer-135 J, Avro (HS-748) and Super King B-200 aircraft in fixed wing and ALH (Dhruv), Cheetah and Mi-17 1V in Rotary Wing.
(c)                With ever increasing role of air support, Air Wing is inducting new aircrafts in its fleet with Mi-17 V5 (acquisition already in process) and proposal for Embraer Legacy 145 BJ has been put forwarded.
(d)                8 MI-17 V5 Aircrafts are being inducted which would be a force multiplier in Anti Naxal Operations and further enhance sustainability of air maintained Border Out Posts on borders.
BSF WATER WING
Initially in 1967 water Wing was raised with 34 small Boats and 61 Crew deployed in West Bengal only. As on date it is having a sizably large flotilla of 510 Watercrafts/Boats comprising from small naka boats (3 men capacity) to large vessels called Floating BOP (38 persons capacity), Medium Crafts, Mechanized Boat, Speed Boat (Twin and Single Engine) etc for domination of riverine border.




HIGHLIGHTS OF THE YEAR

(a)        Swachh Bharat Swachh Himalaya
“Swachh Bharat Swachh Himalaya” Abhiyan was organised from 12 Oct to 25 Nov 2015. These 45 days long expedition was conducted in four phases. During the first phase a Mountain Biking Expedition left from New Delhi to Gangotri covering around 1000 kms propagating “Swachh Bharat Swachh Himalaya” message. The second phase involved a trekking expedition from Gangotri Dham to Goumukh Glacier. The team undertook the cleaning the Goumukh Glacier alongwith collection and disposal of garbage. On the third phase a white water rafting expedition started from Gangotri to Rishikesh cleaning the Ganga river enroute. The fourth and concluding phase a cycling expedition from Rishikesh to New Delhi was on campaign for a safer environment. The expedition also organized a series of free medical camps and interacted with groups of civil society enroute to spread awareness about cleanliness in daily lives.

(b)        BSF Mahila camel safari
BSF Mahila Camel Safari consisting of BSF Mahila Constables and lady members of Tata Steel Adventure Foundation was flagged off from Bhuj, Gujarat on 24th Feb’2015 and culminated on 22nd Mar’2015 at JCP Attari, Amritsar (Punjab).

(c)        Seminar on Border Management
Seminar on “Border Management in India-Challenges & Options” conducted on 30 Apr’2015 at India International Centre (IIC), Max Muller Road, New Delhi.
(d)        Release of Martyrs Book
BSF has compiled stories of valour and supreme sacrifice of BSF personnel in the form of a book, titled, “BSF Martyrs – A legacy of Pride & Valour” released on 22 May 2015 by Hon’ble Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh.

(e)        Felicitation function to honour Noks/ Relatives of Martyrs

Hon’ble Union Home Minister presided over felicitation function – “Paying Tributes to BSF Martyrs” to honour NOKs/relatives of martyrs was conducted at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi on 21 Oct’2015. Similar functions were also conducted at 60 other locations at all over India to honour NOKs of 1551 BSF martyrs.
(f)        Swachh Bharat Mission
‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ being followed religiously in all BSF campuses to inculcate the habit of cleanliness of the surrounding areas as well as personal hygiene & sanitation.

(g)        Limca book of records for maximum plantation
Limca Book of Record (new National Record) created by planting 5,24,424 saplings at various HQrs/ field formations on 12th Aug’2015 from 1000 hrs to 1030 hrs with the help of 12,610 BSF personnel.

(h)        Security at Shri Amarnath Ji Yatra
Smooth conduct of Shri Amarnath Ji Yatra-2014. This is a very sensitive assignment both from the operational point of view and the massive administrative efforts. It was for the twelfth consecutive year that the BSF has ensured an ‘Incident – free yatra’ for which the credit goes to all who tirelessly maintained continuous vigil and complete domination in their areas of deployment despite inclement weather, hostile terrain and disturbed security environment in the state of J&K.


FIRST LADY GD OFFICER WILL START TRAINING FROM 

The BSF, for the first time in its history Assistant Commandant (Direct Entry) Mahila Officer will start training from the month of February 2016 at BSF Academy Tekanpur, Gwalior (MP).

On the social front, the commitment of the force towards ensuring equal opportunities to the women in all activities is reflected in the pace and ease with which BSF has inducted women employees in combat role beside the traditional  medical and clerical jobs. BSF in order to strengthen the security on the borders and to facilitate women workers in the fields, initially recruited women constables in combat role, then sub-inspector and now first batch of mahila officers will be joining the force in the month of Feb 2016.


BSF Mahila constables on duty on border

In order to be in sync with the stated national policy, right from the beginning, BSF has opened the avenues for women to be part of this vibrant elite force. The women work force have been an integral part of the organization with their representations in health services and ministerial cadres since 1972 and 1993 respectively which has substantially increased with passage of time and growth of the force. The proxy war waged by Pakistan through Punjab and J&K militancy and spurt of illegal migration from Bangladesh, the border security fence was erected for effectively excercising the operational aspect of border security. The farmers including women who are having land falling between fence and International Boundary were encouraged to continue with their farming activities in this land, and to facilitate their movement, regulated passage were provided through the fence gates. Subsequently owing to the involvement of women in several cases of smuggling of FICN, Narcotics, contraband items etc., the requirement of frisking/ checking of women folk by female constables were felt necessary.
With the recruitment of 745 Constable/GD (Mahila), women cadre in combat role was introduced in combat role in the year 2008. They were deployed at the frontline for Naka, OP Duties, Kissan Guard and fence gate management Duties on International Borders. The tasks entrusted and performed by them are at par with the men praharis and as such they are performing all operational, security and intelligence related tasks.

To maintain physical, mental and emotional robustness of these women combatants, BSF is taking all required measures to:
(i)                 Provide adequate infrastructural support
(ii)               Gender sensitization of all rank
(iii)             Separate transfer policy
(iv)             Constitution of complaint committee at all levels to look into sexual harassment cases.


BSF Mahila constables on duty on border

With induction of approx 1000 women personnel annually, BSF is moving in right direction to achieve the target of 5% strength of women force in CAPFs as directed by the Govt. of India. While handling some specific duties, they have successfully performed all operational tasks that were till now the domain of male personnel including seizure of smuggled goods and apprehension and neutralization of intruders. They are also participating in national sports events as member of BSF central team and bringing laurels to the force. The force is working towards achieving the operational gender neutrality because of its dynamic nature and willingness to change and modernize to hold the status of premier CAPF of the country.

Lady officers have been recruited and will be undergoing basic training along with AC(DE) training officers at the BSF academy in 2016-17 for 53 weeks. With this women in the BSF will be represented in supervisory roles in Company and Battalions to ensure proper command and control over women and men combatants.

The commitment of the force towards ensuring equal opportunities to women in all activities is reflected in the pace and ease with which BSF has inducted women employees into combative roles at the Border.

Women have been an integral part of the organization with representation in health and ministerial cadres since 1972 and 1993 respectively and the number of women associated with the force has grown ever since. Adapting to the changes and recognizing the National Policy for the Empowerment of Women 2001, the force inducted women constables and infrequently sub-inspectors. And now the first batch of women officers are ready to join the force.  

The Mahila Sub-Inspectors (in a junior leadership role) were first inducted in the year 2010 with the recruitment of 15 SI/ GD (Mahila).

As on date statistical profile of mahila combatants in the force is:
                        I.          Officers                            - To join in Feb 2016
                      II.          Sub Inspectors                  - 42
                  III.          Constables                        - 3280



BORDER SECURITY FORCE

“MODERNIZATION EFFORTS TO REMAIN RELEVANT, EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE”

The force is committed towards rapid modernization, so to ensure adequate technology use, promote scientific temper and ease the workload on human resources to the extent possible in the present and future role of the force. The modernization effort covers wide range of activities including use of computer for data generation, paperless office work, training, enhancement of visual domination capabilities, mobility, arms and equipment and improving quality of accommodation, potable water and other amenities to personnel of the force.

The Vision Statement of BSF reads as "To be a force of Excellence in guarding the borders of India by means of highly professional, credible & effective border management". The Modernization Plan of BSF is working in the direction of making BSF a force of excellence. The modern equipments are being inducted in the organisation as force multiplier with the aim to enhance the human effort effectiveness.
Government of India have sanctioned modernization plan-II worth Rs.4570.06 Crores for BSF from 2012 to 2017. 
            While formulating the Modernization Plan-2, an effort has been made to keep in perspective the rapidly changing Security scenario, the ever-evolving technology, and, above all, the Plan has been made ‘Jawan-Centric’, as Jawans constitute about 90% of the Force today. 
BSF is in the process of modernizing various equipment which will go a long way in protecting the life of a Jawan multiplying operational efficiencies. It plans up-gradation of the following: Arms, Bomb Detection & Disposal equipment, Surveillance Equipment, Vehicles, Water Vessels, Training aids & facilities, Communication and IT, Geographical Information System etc. The personal gear used by Jawans, their logistic support and medical facilities are also being improved.

Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS).
Border security is an essential aspect of national security. Without secured borders, internal security of the nation is always under threat from anti national elements sitting in safe heavens across the borders. Our present system is dependent on human endurance is carrying out round the clock observation of every inch of our borders.

The concept of Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) is basically integration of manpower, sensors, networks, intelligence and Command and Control Solutions to improve situational awareness at different levels of hierarchy to facilitate prompt and informed decision making and quick response to emerging situations. In fact, smart and intelligent system can forecast and pre-warn about impending situation based on analysis of database and factors emerging thereof.

New Acquisition of weapons and other equipment

(i)         Sand Scooter

Sand Scooter
BSF starts International Border patrolling for vigilance along the sandy terrain of western Rajasthan by new ‘Sand Scooters which is very useful during night also for strict vigilance as its long beam of light will enable jawans to keep a keen watch on the borders. Border Security Force has deployed "sand scooters", that run smoothly on sand dunes, to step up vigil in the Jaisalmer and Barmer sector along the International Border. Presently BSF using scooters Polaris range of vehicles – Ranger crew 800 (6 seated) and Model RZR 4 – 900 (4 seated).

(ii)        Fast Attack Craft
            The Border Security Force(BSF) has procured four new fast Attack Crafts(FAC) to guard marshy creeks at Kutch-Pakistan border. The American made FAC can cover over a distance of one kilometre in 15 to 20 seconds with speed ranging between 30 to 35 nautical miles. The crafts are response vessels that can respond to any suspicious activity observed or on receipt of input specially in anti-terrorist operations.
                       
The FAC are bullet proof and are fitted with arms at the hull. They are equipped with latest stealth techno logy that enhances operations at the water by minimizing reflections of radar, infrared or visible lights that alarm the enemies. The crafts have navigation and communication, night vision mechanism and techno logy to coordinate with the border outposts on ground and floating border outposts.


Mi – 17 Helicopter
(iii)       BSF inducted two new advanced Mi – 17 V5 helicopters in the month of April 2015, which enhance the strength of BSF’s Air Wing. The Air Wing is tasked to carry air support missions for BSF troops along the borders and in India’s hinterland during Anti-Naxal operations.

(iv)       These modern technologies and equipment’s are being introduced in the organisation as force multipliers which aim to enhance human effort effectiveness.



BORDER SECURITY FORCE

EFFECTIVE ANTI MAOIST OPERATIONS

“SIGNIFICANT ACHIEVEMENTS IN ANTI LEFT WING EXTREMIST OPERATIONS”

Recent professionalism of BSF in the areas affected by Left Wing Extremism has been recognized and applauded by one and all. The effectiveness of the force can be seen in the restoration of peace in hitherto most disturbed districts i.e. Malkangiri and Koraput of Odisha and Kanker district of Chhattisgarh where BSF is sole Central force fighting LWE, within 4 years of its deployment. The highlight of this achievement is the impeccable Human Rights record of BSF in Anti LWE deployment.

 BSF has raised one Ftr and LWEO Sector initially on 16 Dec’2009 and 10 Units were deployed in LWE affected districts in Kanker (Chhattisgarh) and subsequently in Koraput & Malkangiri (Odisha) w.e.f. Jan’2010. Having carefully assessed and analyzed the problem and drawing upon its vast experience of successfully fighting terrorist and insurgency, BSF has adopted a mix of combat and people centred strategy in consonance with the Govts policy on security and development and increased it footprint to 02 Ftrs, 04 Sectors and 16 Units to assist the State Police in conduct of Anti LWE Operation, to create sense of security amongst local population and to facilitate developmental activities.
To complete assigned mandate BSF has deployed 08 Bns in Chhattisgarh and 08 Bns in Odisha States for Anti LWE Operations. The district wise deployment of BSF is as under: -

S/No.          
State
District
Bns
1.
Chhattisgarh
Kanker
8
2.
Odisha
Malkangiri
4
Koraput
2
Rayagada
1
Nabrangpur
1
Total
16
           
As on date 87 COBs have been occupied by BSF out of 94 COBs sanctioned. Recently, 02 Coys of 120 Bn BSF have been deployed at Ralegada (Panchayat Ghar) and Sunki for providing protection to Sunky- Potangi axis.
Major Steps Taken by BSF
1.         Expansion of Area of Domination. BSF has identified the areas where LWE movement has been frequent and without any hindrance. These areas were safe haven to the LWE. Now BSF has penetrated these areas after increasing dominations and specialized operations. BSF has established presence & domination in cut-off areas where no Govt. organizations has ever reached.
2.         Occupation of New COBs. 02 Coys of 120 Bn BSF have been deployed at Ralegada (Panchayat Ghar) and Sunki for providing protection to Sunky- Potangi axis. In addition to above, 01 additional BSF Battalion to strengthen the BSF deployment, especially around Chottapakhanjur has been inducted in Kanker district of Chhattisgarh.
3.         Continuous Updation of the Data. BSF has introduced 04 new registers to maintain and update the data related to Local villages, Crime pattern and LWE Modus Operandi. This will enhance the institutional memory of each COB which will facilitate incoming units in early familiarization of the situation.
4.         Civic Action Programme.  BSF has been organizing many Civic Action Programmes to reach the poor in remove LWE affected areas. These programmes include conduct of medical camps, sport activities, distribution of books to school children and of radio transistors, clothing items and certain essential commodities to the local population. Welfare measures taken by BSF have helped the force win confidence of people and strengthened its fight against LWEs in area of Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
5.         Forming of Small Action Team and Quick Response Teams for effective operations:- Small Action Team under the Command of GOs have been formed at COBs/Bn level and Quick Response Teams have been formed at each COB in collaboration with the States Police to launch simultaneous operations on actionable inputs. The mobility of teams comes from Motorcycles, which moves cross country. The team is equipped with all required weapons and gadgets to meet any eventualities in operations. This has proved very effective and instilled fear in Maoists rank and files.
Surrender and Arrest.          BSF is organising the operations in meticulous and extensive manner confirming the ethos and spirit of Anti-naxal operations. This has profound effect on the masses which is moving away from the influence of Maoists, hence, facilitating real time information to affect arrest of listed Maoists. The meticulous implementation of surrender policy of the state and creation of environment through operation is leading to large scale surrender, thereby causing successful counter propaganda and weakening of Maoist ranks. The data of arrest and surrender by BSF is as under:
NAXALS APPREHENDED/ SURRENDERED IN ANO
S NO
ACHEIVEMENT
ODISHA
CHHATTISGARH
TOTAL
1
APPREHENSION
485
892
1377
2
SURRENDER
161
81
242

Recovery of IEDs and Explosive.    The extensive road security operations on major and minor roads have led to recovery of huge quantity of IEDs and Explosive. This has made the movement of forces and civilians safe. The data of IED and Explosive recovery is as under:
RECOVERIES/ SEIZURES BY BSF IN ANO
S No
ITEMS RECOVERED
CHHATTISGARH
ODISHA
TOTAL
1.
IEDs
194
302
496
2.
Explosive (Kgs)
271
1911
2182
3.
Gelatin Stick
-
2836
2836
4.
Detonator
227
3252
3479
5.
Safety fuse
-
387
387


BSF Assumes Significant Role In Two-Front War Strategy BSF Assumes Significant Role In Two-Front War Strategy Reviewed by Shailesh Kumar on 7:23:00 PM Rating: 5
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