Friday, December 5, 2014

Narasimha Rao Never Wanted Babri Structure To Be Demolished

Shailesh Kumar
06 December 2014

Former PM PV Narasimha Rao
Photo Courtesy: Rediff
PV Narasimha Rao, who was the Prime Minister of India when Babri Masjid was demolished, never wanted Babri structure to be demolished. PV Narasimha Rao and his cabinet colleague the then Union Home Minister, SB Chavan, were so concerned about Babri Masjid that both of them had written hundreds of letter during the last one year prior to the Babri demolition to the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Kalyan Singh, warning about possibilities of Karsevak harming Babri structure. The communication which sought Kalyan Singh Government to deploy 133 coys of Central Paramilitary Forces sent by the Central Government to be deployed to protect the structure. The communication in the form of letters and telegrams grew stronger and frequent as 06th December 1992 approached. The exclusive copy of letters and telegrams accessed by me clearly suggest that it was Chief Minister Kalyan Singh, who compromised the safety and sanctity of Babri masjid. Let aside warnings and requests of Prime Minister Rao and his Home Minister Chavan, Kalyan Singh ignored and rebuked his own Prinicple Secretary (Home) Prabhat Kumar when he sternly warned Singh about the danger to Babri masjid and requested to deploy Central Paramilitary Force even just a day before the Babri demolition.

Letter Written by the then
Union Minister SB Chavan
to Kalyan Singh (Exclusive)
On 10th January 1992, the then Union Home Minister SB Chavan wrote a letter to Kalyan Singh: “Kindly refer to my D.O. No.II-14034/28/91-IS.DV dated 26th December 1991 conveying Central Government’s concern regarding the security of Ram Janm Bhoomi- Babri Masjid structure and the need to strengthen the arrangements for this purpose”. He sites communication between Union Home Secretary and Principle Secretary Home regarding infringement of some security arrangement expressing his anxiety. “I am grateful to the State Government for its assurance that it is fully committed to the protection of the complex. However, in view of the foregoing, I would again urge you to kindly take all further necessary steps to fortify and strengthen the security arrangement, including restoration of earlier barricades, so that the Ram Janm Bhoomi- Babri Masjid structure is fully protected under any circumstances”, concludes SB Chavan in this letter.

SB Chavan, the then Union Home Minsiter, again writes to UP CM Kalyan Singh on 23rd March 1992 drawing his attention to the demolition of certain structures standing on the land acquired by the Government of Uttar Pradesh in October 1991 in the RJM-BM Complex. “There is also a feeling that the action taken by the State Government violates the spirit of the orders of the High Court and the Supreme Court relating to these disputes and the assurance given by you in the meeting of National Integration Council on 2nd November 1991”, Chavan adds.

“I would like also like to mention the apprehension that the digging undertaken recently near the RJB-BM structure, in the course of levelling the ground is likely to endanger the structure itself”. You will appreciate that if the structure suffers and damage as a result of such action, it will have serious and widespread repercussions”, Union Home Minister warned UP CM vide a letter dated 29th May 1992.

Letter Written by the then
UP CM Kalyan Singh to the then
PM PV Narasimha Rao 
 It was vide a letter dated 9th July 1992 that Chavan placed his serious concerns on the reports about the start of construction work at and around the Shila Nyas site. “For this purpose, material and machinery have been assembled and preparations are being made for laying of concrete on the dug up area which would act as the base for constructing the pillars of the proposed temple at the Shila Nyas site. Dismantling of the old police control room is also in progress”… “It is understood that about 7000 people have collected at the RJB-BM complex. Meanwhile, representative of various organizations continue to reiterate their plans for construction of the proposed temple…”, “The Central Reserve Police Force authorities have expressed concern on this point and have expressed the view that the police force deployed at the site may not be adequate to meet difficult contingencies”, SB Chavan warned while maintaining that safety of the structure is responsibility of the State Government.

In a letter dated 29th October 1992, SB Chavan asked the UP CM to carry out a comprehensive security review and requested to include CRPF and Intelligence Bureau in this review. For the first time, SB Chavan raised apprehensions regarding Kar Seva on 6th December 1992 and statement of various leaders for call for struggle and confrontation if Kar Seva stopped besides the veiled threat to the structure. On 24th November 1992, Central Paramilitary Forces were being moved for being stationed at suitable locations in UP so as to available at a short notice if and when required by the State Government for deployment in connection with security of RJM-BM structure and maintenance of law and order in view of the call given by various organizations for commencement of Kar Seva in Ayodhya vide a letter singed by Anurag Goel, Joint Secretary (Police). SV Chavan vide letter dated 1st December 1992 has warned that 25,000 Kar Sevaks have already arrived in Ayodhya and requested for a security review including CPFs and IB officers in the team. SB Chavan vide letter dated 3rd December 1992 raised his concern of the heath hazards and epidemic in the wake of Kar Sevaks number exceeding 1 lakh by 4/5 December. On 3rd December 1992, Union Home Minister again wrote vide letter D.O.A. 92-Ay.II to UP CM Kalyan Singh telling him about the legal rights of Central Government to deploy Central Paramilitary Forces anywhere in the country. But the Central Government stationed CPFs only to avoid any communal tension leaving the decision of deployment on the discretion of the State Government.  

On 5th December 1992, SB Chavan wide letter no 81011/1/92 AY.II requested State Government to use Central Paramilitary Forces stationed in and around Ayodhya. “I understand only about 23 coys including 4 coys of the CRPS are currently deployed for the security arrangement in and around the RJB-BM complex. It is felt that this strength may not be sufficient to meet the security requirement especially if any untoward development takes place”.

Letter by UM Principle Secretary (Home)
to Kalyan Singh and notings by UP CM
Meanwhile Kalyan Singh also replied to Union Government assuring them about the security of RJB-BM Complex. The then UP CM Kalyan Singh vide letter number 02 dated 30th November addressed to the then Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao raised serious objection on the deployment of the Central Paramilitary Forces. He complaint that the CRPF is being moved without any demand or consent of the State Government and sited that the move infringe on the right of the state. In his letter number C-44 dated 2nd December 1992, Kalyan Singh assured that the State Government is fully committed for the security of the RJB-BM complex and there is no need to send central paramilitary force companies any further.

Kalyan Singh have all along been assuring the Central Government about the safety and security of the RJB-BM Complex. He owned up the responsibility for safety also but constantly refused to use Central Paramilitary Forces and infact reprimanded PV Narasimha Rao for sending Central Forces. He seems intentionally ignored the warnings from Central Government and also from his own Principle Secretary (Home) while rebuking him. After the demolition, Kalyan Singh instructed him to make sure that Kar Sevaks are not hurt and killed.

Babri Demolition: Justice waits for 22 Years; CBI Chargesheet Was In 9 Months

Shailesh Kumar05 December 2014

Babri Structure Demolition 06 December 1992
Photo courtesy: Frontline
“… accused Ms. Uma Bharati had shouted on 6.12.92 at Ram Janam Bhoomi, Ayodhya “Ek Dhakka Aur Do, Babri Masjid Tod do” and she had also advised the kar sevaks to demolish the disputed structure and shouted “Masjid Girao- Mandir Banao, Babar Ki Aulad Ko Pakistan Bhagao”, “Jinnah Bole Jai Sri Ram”, etc. On 5.12.92 she had told that kar seva will not mean only bhajan and kirtans, but start of the construction of temple. Ek Ek Eint Prasad Kay Tor Per Lay Jao”. And “Babar Bolo Jai Sri Ram- Mecca Bolo Jai Sri Ram”, and that the Supreme Court had not told them not to demolish but only not to do construction work and hence they are removing the black spot from the nations forehead. She had also said “Ram Naam Satya Hai, Babri Masjid Dhwasth Hai…”, the investigating agency CBI accused Uma Bharati in its chargesheet filed on 4th October 1993 in Babri Demolition case. Uma Bharati is now a cabinet minister in Government of India led by Narendra Modi. Twenty two years on, Uma Bharati along with 34 others still faces prosecution while the fate of other 13 accused is lingering in Supreme Court, who is yet to decide on the SLP filed by CBI.

CBI Chargesheet in Babri Demolition Case (Exclusive)
“… it was on 6.12.92 that Shri l.K. Advani in a public speech in the proximity of the disputed structure shortly before the actual demolition of the disputed site amongst other facts duly projected by him had also emphasized that “Aaj Kar Seva Ka Aakhiri Din Hain, Kar Sevak Aaj Aakhiri Kar Seva Karenge”. When the demolition of disputed structure was in progress, he also told that the Central Forces were moving from Faizabad towards Ayodhya, but they were not afraid of it and instructed the public to block the National Highway straight away so that forces do not reach Ram Janam Bhoomi. The investigation also disclosed that as and when demolition was in progress, Shri  LK Advani in fact advised the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Shri Kalyan Singh not to tender his resignation to the Governor of UP till the demolition of the disputed structure stands completed”, reads another para in chargesheet making another senior leader of BJP as an accused. The charges were framed barely 9 months after  UP Government transferred the Babri Masjid demolition case to CBI. The investigating agency had registered the FIR on 13th December 1992.

Uma Bharti (in circle) with Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Photo (Edited) Courtesy: Indian Express
BJP leader Advani, who allegedly delivered provocative speech was at Ramkatha Kunj Manch, 175 meters away from the disputed structure on 6th December 1992, 22 years back when Babri Masjid was hammered to ruins by thousands of Karsevaks, who thronged Ayodhya from across the country. Despite best of CBI’s efforts, LK Advani and 7 other top leaders accused of Babri masjid demolition could not be charged with criminal conspiracy to demolish a religious structure. CBI was stone walled time and again in its efforts to lebel charges under 120B, 295, 295A IPC against VVIPs Lal Kishan Advani, Ashok Singhal, Vinay Katiyar, Uma Bharti , Sadhvi Ritambhara, Murli Manohar Joshi, Giriraj Kishore, Vishnu Hari Dalmiya, who face charges u/s 153A, 153B, 505, 147, 149 IPC only.

Lal Krishna Advani, Senior BJP Leader
Photo Courtesy: Deccan Chronicle
“That it is further revealed from investigation that Shri. Moreshwar Save wrote a letter dt. 10.07.92 to accused Shri L.K. Advani congratulating him on the start of construction of Shri Ram temple in Ayodhya on 9.7.92 and stated that it would be considered as an important step in the history of India towards establishment of Hindu Rashtra. He also mentioned that they have to oppose the forces which are against the Hindu Rashtra, Hindutva and construction of Shri Ram temple at Ayodhya and promised all assistance for liberation of the other two Hindu temples at Mathura and Kashi besides Shri Ram temple. Shri L K Advani, vide a letter dated 20.07.1992, acknowledged receipt of the letter and wrote “Ayodhya me Ram Janam Bhumi Mandir nirman ke shubharambh per prasannatha vyakth karthe huye aap dwara  preshit badhayi aur shubkamnavon ke liye abhari hoon” , the CBI investigator further revealed in the chargesheet.

Supplementary Chargesheet Filed By CBI (Exclusive)
Moreshwar Save then was the Shiv Sena MP. CBI maintains that in the meeting of Shiv Sena chiefs held on 30th November and 1st December at the residence of Moreshwar Save, MP, it was decided to demolish the disputed structure on 6th. In the press conference, after the meeting, Save and Satish Pradhan, MP said that they will go to Ayodhya with construction material. In the press release they said that under the leadership of Shri Thackeray, they will construct Ram temple at the garb grih and will do any sacrifice. 

Moreshwar Save and Satish Pradhan are amongst those 13 who went scot-free and did not face the trial at all.  Others who were exempted from trial by  an order of Special Judge, Lucknow Court were: Bala Saheb Thackeray, (Expired), Kalyan Singh, former Chief Minister, Champat Rai Bansal, VHP leader, Mahant Avaidhya Nath, the then MP, BJP, Ram Vilas Vedanti, VHP leader, Dharam Das, VHP leader, Mahant Nritya Gopal Das, Vice President of RJB Nyas,  Mahamandaleshwar Jagdish Muni Maharaj, BJP MLA, Baikunth Lal Sharma @ Prem, BJP MP, Paramhans Ramchandra Das, President RJB Nyas, Dr. Satish Kumar Nagar, Shiv Sena leader. (Jagdish Muni, Paramhans Ramchandra Das, Bal Thackerey and Satish Nagar have since expired)

Allahabad HC
Photo Courtesy: Internet
There were two FIRs in Babri demolition case, 197/ 92 and 198/92.  FIR 197/92 registered after demolition on 6th December 92 at 5:15 pm was regarding demolition. Another FIR 198/92 was registered just 10 minutes after filing the first FIR by Ramjanm Bhoomi Police Station. The second FIR was regarding provocative slogans by 8 person including Advani, Joshi, Vinay Katiar, Uma Bharti, Sadhvi Ritambahara and Ashok Singhal VH Dalmia & Giriraj Kishore under section 153(a) 153(b), 505 of IPC. While interpreting High Court’s earlier order on consolidated chargesheet in all 49 cases dated 12th February 2002, the then Special Judge, Lucknow Sreekant Shukla, passed order dated 4th May 2001, completely analyzing crime No. 198/92, the FIR, evidence, accused etc. and dropped proceedings against 21 accused persons including the 8 named in the FIR stating that it is a case of conspiracy in which leaders are involved and crime No. 197/92 is against karsevaks who demolished the structure and there are 2 cases-one against the abettors and conspirators and the other against the karsevaks.

However, CBI maintained that this decision was erroneous and as per High Court Order, Lucknow court did not had jurisdiction in Crime number 198/92. So CBI had moved to Allahabad High court’s Lucknow bench and filed Criminal Revision Petition on 19th June 2001 inter-alia on the grounds that the trial court should have kept the offences u/s 153A, 153B,505 IPC against the 8 named accused including Advani and should have framed charges u/s 120B, 295,295A IPC against them and for all offences against the accused and conducted the trial. The investigating agency also maintained that dropping charges against 13 more leader accused is illegal and bad in law.

Supreme Court of India
Photo Courtesy: Internet
After 9 long years, on 20th May 2010, High Court decided on the matter and agreed that there were two places and two set of accused ratifying the earlier decision of Lucknow Special Judge. Against this order of High Court, the CBI has filed a Special Leave Petition (SLP) in Supreme Court in on 9th February 2011. It’s been over three years, the apex court is yet to place verdict on SLP. The last hearing on SLP in SC was in October 2014 and the Supreme Court fixed next hearing on SLP for March 2015. This is how the Babri demolition case is lingering on in courts for 22 years when a High Court takes 9 years to decide on a Revision Petition and the Supreme Court of the country over three years still pending decision on a SLP.

Mayawati Tried Saving Her Arch Rivals in Babri Demolition Case!

Shailesh Kumar
05 December 2014

Km. Mayawati, BSP Supremo & Ex CM, Uttar Pradesh
September 2002: BSP Supremo Mayawati was the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh but owed a lot to her now arch rival BJP. Her Government hinged on the support of BJP. She paid back by refusing a notification to cure a legal defect which came in the way of forming consolidated chargesheet against 8 VVIP accused including BJP Senior leader LK Advani in Babri Masjid demolition case.

CBI in its investigation found that provocation from the manch, rioting, storming and demolition and attack on media persons etc. offences formed part of the same transaction taking into consideration the continuity of acts, proximity of time and unity of purpose and therefore these offences covered under 49 separate FIRs cannot be separated from one another and therefore the CBI filed a consolidated charge sheet in all the 49 cases, on 5th October 93 in the Lucknow court, for offences u/s 120 B ,153A, 153 B, 505, 295,295A,147 IPC and 21 were also charged for offence u/s 332,338,201, 395 IPC for the demolition etc. DM and the SSP were charged for abetment of offences u/s 153A, 295, 295A, 505, 201 IPC read with 114 IPC. After further investigation, a supplementary charge sheet was filed against 9 more accused (10th January 1996). The Special Judge at Lucknow vide order dated 9th September 1997, having found a prima-facie case, ordered for framing of charges of criminal conspiracy etc. against all the 49 accused. Nobody was discharged. Against this, 33 accused filed revision petitions in the High court.

In the Rae Bareli court, the fixed date was 18th October 1993 when the court asked the CBI to file a report in writing on 6th December 1993, when it was informed that the CBI has filed a combined charge sheet in all the cases in the Lucknow court. Accordingly, a report was filed. On 24th January 1994, the said court sent the case records of crime No. 198/92 to the Lucknow Court.

The High court vide judgment dated 12th February 2001 by Justice Bhalla upheld the consolidated charge sheet and that the offences cannot be separated and all offences were made out against the accused. However, it was held that the notification dated 8th October 1993 entrusting crime No. 198/92 also to the Lucknow court was defective as there was no consultation with the High court for issuing that notification and therefore all proceedings in crime No. 198/92 under section 153 A, 153 B, 505 IPC were illegal and without jurisdiction but this defect may be cured by the State Government by issuing a fresh notification.

Interpreting this order, the then Special Judge, Lucknow, Sreekant Shukla, passed an order dated 4th May 2001, completely analyzing crime No. 198/92, the FIR, evidence, accused etc. and dropped proceedings against 21 accused persons including the 8 named in the FIR stating that it is a case of conspiracy in which leaders are involved and crime No. 197/92 is against karsevaks who demolished the structure and there are 2 cases-one against the abettors and conspirators and the other against the karsevaks. CBI wrote to the State Govternment on 16th June 2001 to rectify the defect.

Against the above order dated 4th May 2001, the CBI filed a revision in the High court on 19th June 2001 inter-alia on the grounds that the trial court should have kept the offences u/s 153A, 153B,505 IPC against the 8 named accused and should have framed charges u/s 120B, 295,295A IPC against them and for all offences against the accused and conducted the trial and dropping 13 more leader accused is bad in law.

Against High court order dated 12th February 2001, Mohd. Aslam @ Bhure filed SLP in the Supreme court. While it was pending, the State Government vide letter dated 28th September 2002 to CBI refused to rectify the defect in the notification and also got a notification issued by the High court dated 28th September 2002 appointing a Presiding officer to the Rae Bareli court which was not functioning since January 1994. On this, the Supreme Court vide order dated 29th November 2001 dismissed the SLP filed by Mohd Aslam stating that for crime no.198/92 a court exists. Review petition was dismissed on 22nd March 2007 and Curative petition was dismissed on 12th February 2008. So the Mayawati Government in 2002 not only refused to act against the 8 VVIP accused but the Government action help in dismissal of SLP filed by Mohd Aslam @ Bhure.

"I built this building on the order of my kind Babur for angels": Mir Baki, commander which placed Partian Marble which enshrined markings was also stolen and the 21 accused have been facing charges under section 395 IPC. 

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

‘The Forgotten Enemy’

Shailesh Kumar 
30 September 2014
US President Barak Obama welcoming Indian PM Narendra Modi 
at dinner hosted at White House
Photo: MEA

Indian Prime Minster Narendra Modi and the US President Barak Obama released a joint vision statement titled “Chalein Saath Saath: Forward Together We Go” promising “strategic partnership” between the two nations. While the vision document promises to combat terrorist threat and to keep homelands and citizens safe from attack, it is likely to translate into some concrete agreement when Modi and Obama meets again on 30th September. In this backdrop, it is pertinent to look as how America forgotten its own enemy which has proliferated over the years and also attacked India multiple times given American apathy towards Indian strategic interest in combating terrorism.

Taliban Commandoes in Kandahar 
surrounding IC 814
Photo: CBI
While this common enemy in Pakistan & Afghanistan still haunts India, it also exposes America for poor cooperation with its strategic ally in combating terrorism. The terrorists behind the hijack of Indian Airlines flight IC 814 plagued both India and US for long. The same terrorists who were released by India in lieu of safe release of passengers and crew of Indian Airlines flight IC 814 plotted the 9/11 attack on America and later on Indian Parliament in December 2003 and subsequently began terror operations across India particularly fidayeen attack in the valley. Infact, had America timely and seriously investigated the complaint of its own citizen Ms. Jeanne Moore, who was also onboard hijacked plane, many attacks including possibly 9/11 attack could have been prevented. In the aftermath of IC 814 hijack, India had gathered substantial inputs indicating the role of ISI and al-Qaeda.

Maulana Masood Azhar,
Founder of Jaish-e-Mohammad
Photo: Internet
All 5 hijackers of IC 814 and released three terrorists, Maulana Masood Azhar, Ahmad Omar Sayeed Sheikh and Mohammad Zargar are still at large. Maulana Masood founded Jaish-e- Mohammad in January 2000 in Karachi soon after his release by India.  Maulana Masood Azhar’s link with Osama bin Laden has long been established by agencies since as early as in 1993 when Masood Azhar on instructions of Osama bin Laden traveled to Nairobi, Kenya to help al- Ittihad al- Islamiya, the Somali Islamic Radical Organisation, for execution of US soldiers. Perhaps Osama bin Laden owed a lot to Maulana Massod Azhar besides the cause of Jehad was also suffering because of his absence as Maulana was lodged in jail in India since 1994. Yusuf Azhar, brother of Maulana Masood Azhar wanted his early release and so as the al-Qaeda.  
Mullah Omar, Chief of Afghan Taliban
Photo Curtsy: Internet
A few months after the release by India on 31 December 1999 in lieu of IC 814 passengers, Maulana Masood Azhar along with Maulana Yusuf Ludhianvi, and Maulana Jamil Ahmed met Taliban Chief  Mullah Omar and al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in early May 2000. They reportedly sought Taliban and al-Qaeda’s continued support for jehad in Kashmir valley. Maulana Yusuf Ludhianvi, however, was mysteriously killed soon after this meeting. Incidently, before Azhar;s release from June 1999 onwards, Osama bin Laden along with Khalid Sheikh Mohammad was plotting to attack US using air planes. After the release of Maulana Masood Azhar, Omar Saeed Sheikh and Mustaq Ahmed Zargar, Osama’s dream of attacking US came closer to realization. Pakistan’s ISI was in loop for any Logistic support.

al-Qaeda Founder Osama bin Laden
Photo: TV grab / Internet
Key member of Jaish-e-Mohammad and close associate of Masood Azhar, who was released by India, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh was reportedly tapped by Pakistan’s Inter Service Intelligence to support attack on US. Omar Saeed Sheikh was a British citizen who was lodged in jail on charges of plotting kidnappings of foreigners in India for the securing release of terrorists from Indian jails. Omar Saeed Sheikh soon after his release had started functioning as money manager of Osama bin Laden. Infact, Omar Saeed Sheikh reportedly was also direct in touch with the then ISI Chief Lt. General Mahmood Ahmed. Omar Saeed Sheikh between June and September 2000 transferred over US $ 1 lakh from Pakistan to Mohammad Atta, the lead hijacker who executed the suicidal 9/11 attack on America. The money wired from an account in Dubai using various aliases, however, Omar Saeed Sheikh during this time was spotted in Islamabad from where the transfer was executed. The money was used by Mohammad Atta, an Egyptian, in flight school training fee, their airfare, food and other logistics of the 9/11 hijackers. 

Lt. General (Retd) Mahmood Ahmed, 
the then ISI Chief
Photo Curtsy: Internet
Omar Saeed Sheikh also collected remaining unspent US$ 25,000 from Mohammad Atta and other Hamburg Cell terrorists just before the 9/11 attack. The money was reportedly transferred at the behest of Lt. General Mahmood Ahmed who was repeatedly called by Omar Saeed Sheikh during the summer of year 2000. India later has provided available evidence to the American Investigative Agency but to no avail.

9/11 al-Qaeda Attack on WTC Towers
Photo: Internet 
If FBI investigated the IC 814 Hijacking seriously and expeditiously, it was likely that US could have gather significant intelligence inputs which could have helped in preventing 9/11 attack. Because the same Mohammad Atta met Osama bin Laden just before and during the IC 814 hijack incident. The timing of meeting of Mohammad Atta and other Hamburg Cell terrorists with al-Qaeda Chief Osama bin Laden were significant. The IC 814 Hijack conspiracy was hatched in Karachi in June 1999 after failed attempt to get Maulana Masood Azhar released. This was also the time when Osama bin Laden along with Khalid Sheikh Mohammad was plotting to attack US using aeroplanes. In their search of suitable hijackers, Osama bin Laden, stumbled upon Mohammad Atta and other operatives of Hamburg Cell.
Mohammad Atta,
Hijacker Pilot of American Flight 11,
crashed flight into WTC tower
On November 29, Atta reached Karachi via Istanbul in a Turkish Airlines hopping flight. When they went to Bin Laden’s home in Kandahar, Osama bin Laden asked them to pledge loyalty and commit to fidayeen mission. After that Mohammad Atta spent some time in Karachi. Agencies have yet to confirm if Mohammad Atta met Yusuf Azhar, brother of Maulana Masood Azhar as he along with Abdul Rauf plotted the Hijack of IC 814 in Karachi itself. Had FBI tracked the trail of released terrorists and hijackers of Indian Airlines plane, it was very much likely to bust the money trail leading to the 9/11 attack .
Deceased Rupin Katyal
It is very much likely that Mohammad Atta could be part of the Command and Control Centre overseeing the Hijack of IC 814 as he was in Pakistan and Afghanistan in December 1999 and January 2000. Not only that modus operandi of 9/11 hijack was later found to be similar to that of IC 814 Hijack. The Hijackers used knife to take control of the flight and passengers. In both the case they attacked passengers with knife. Berger @ Sunny Ahmad Qazi attacked Rupin Katyal and Satnam Singh through knife. Rupin Katyal later succumbed to injuries on board IC 814. On the same theme, on 11 September, 2001, Five al-Qaeda terrorists led by Mohammad Atta armed with knives hijacked American Airlines Flight 11. They attacked at least two flight attendants with knives slitting their throat and forced pilots to open the cockpit door mid air. Mohammad Atta flying the hijacked American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into the Northern fa├žade of the World Trade Center. Similarly, other terrorists operating in group of 5 hijacked other jet liners. The third group was short of one man but hijacked plane wielding knives.
FBI: Representative Picture
Photo: Internet
There was a significant time gap between the Hijack of IC 814 and 9/11 attacks on America. Infact, on complaint of Jeane Moore, US citizen who was onboard hijacked IC 814 plane, FBI team had visited India multiple times. A team of FBI Special Agents, Carl Wigolem and Peter H. Lee from Honolulu visited India four times from October 2000 to November 2001, at least three times prior to 9/11 attack. Significantly, the conspiracy of IC 814 was busted by Mumbai polic even before the India could have secured the release of Passengers. 
Convicted Conspirator Abdul Latif
After the hijack, Mumbai police received intelligence inputs that a mobile phone number 9820110945 was in constant touch with some Pakistan number on 25th December 1999. After monitoring the phone, information was verified. From another input Mumbai police received information that accused wanted in bank dacoity at Maharastha Cooperative Bank were hiding in room number 2, Anwar Chawl, Sampai Nagar, Behram Bagh in Jogeshwari. On 30th December 1999, Crime Branch of Mumbai police raided where they found Abdul Latif and one Mohd Rafiq and seized mobile phone number from which the calls were been made to Pakistan. Police recovered two AK-56 rifles, two loaded magazines, 4 anti tank rifle grenades, one Gupti, one dagger, Passport of Abdul Latif and Passport of Yusuf Azhar, brother in law of Maulana Masood Azhar in the fake name of Mohd. Samil. Subsequent interrogation and raids on other hide outs unravel the conspiracy behind IC 814 attack.
Taliban Commandoes in Kandahar 
urrounding IC 814
Photo: CBI
All available information on IC 814 Hijack linking Pakistan, and suspected role of Taliban was provided to FBI but that time Bush Administration with so blind with Pakistan USA was not ready to take India seriously. In subsequent years post 9/11, FBI teams visited India and India helped US with all possible material and requested for information from FBI. Rober S. Mueller, Director FBI visited India on 22nd January 2002. He was also requested for FBI assistance in the cracking the full conspiracy and arrest of hijackers. A team consisting of Ralph Paul Horton, Legal Attache and his two colleagues, John Timothy Dwyer and Alam G. Santos, both Assistant Legal Attache visited CBI headquarter from June 2002 to August, 2002. Another team consisting of Ron Eowan, Spl. Agent and his two colleagues, Donald Miller and James Fratzammer visited India in January, 2002. Years later Jennifer Snell & Jae Beasley of FBI visited India twice in April, 2004 and January, 2005 in connection with IC 814 Hijack investigations. 
India has provided all help and evidence along with Intelligence Inputs but FBI or USA failed to help India even when US Forces invaded Afghanistan in 2001 in the aftermath of 9/11 attack. The US Forces detained many Taliban leaders who were in the knowhow of IC 814 hijack plot and seized documents related to hijackers from a house in Kabul. India wanted access to these Taliban leaders for interrogation and access to records seized by US Forces after the fall of Taliban Government. American agencies had also seized the taped conversation between the control tower at Kandahar airport and the hijackers. However, only the content not the voice was shared with CBI.
Parliament Attack: Security Personnel 
Photo Curtsy: Internet
Maulana Masood Azhar after establishing Jaish-e-Mohammad went into killing spree. He formed fidayeen or suicide squad and for the first time a new modus operandi begun in India. JeM fidayeen attacked J&K Assembly in October 2001 killing 38 people and Indian Parliament on 13 December 2001 in which 12 people were killed including 5 fidayeens. For al-Qaeda and particularly for Osama bin Laden and Taliban’s Mulla Omar, Maulana Masood Azhar was a shot in the arms for Jehad against India for liberation of Kashmir. Maulana Masood Azhar himself has confessed that his outfit carried out the killing of 1492 Indian armymen within the first year of his release.   
Webpage grab
Maulana Masood Azhar has been motivational preacher known for his inflammatory speeches against India and America and works as uniting force for jihadists. Infact, Maulana Masood Azhar since September 1989 has been running Harkat- ul- Mujahidin’s monthly magazine ‘Sada-e-Mujahid’ under the direction of Maulana Fazal ur Rahman, Amir of HuM, who formed HuM after a split in Harkat-ul-Jehad. The creation of another splinter group Harkat- ul- Jehad al Islami, out of Harkat –ul-Jehad had diluted the cause of jehad for Kashmir. Jehadi forces in Pakistan were concerned by this development so in October/ November 1993, it was decided to merge HuJI & HuM and thus was created a new group Harkat- ul- Ansar. Maulana Masood Azhar was given responsibility to oversee and confirm the merger in Kahsmir valley. Even now Jaish e Mohammad runs its newspaper, Zarb-i-Momin, which once became a mouthpiece of the Taliban regime. Both Sada-e-Mujahid and Zarb-i-Momin are under publication and circulated widely with online presence to radicalize the muslim youths.

On 29 January 1994, Azhar reached New Delhi via Dhaka on a Portuguese passport. In Early February he met Sajjad Afghani, the then commander- in- chief of  HuM and his Deputy Chief Commander Amjad Bilal who was from HuJI. Maulana Masood Azhar conveyed to both of them strictly that Amir of Harkat-ul-Ansar want unified operation without any difference of opinion and work for the liberation of Kashmir. However, on 11 February 1994, Maulana Masood Azhar along with Sajjad Afghani were arrested by Army when their car developed a snag on way back to Srinagar from a militant hideout. Since then Maulana Masood Azhar was kept in Jammu jail. Since then there had been attempts of escape and forced release, which materialized when IC 814 was hijacked.
Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar
It is not just the USA, CBI has issued Letter Rogatory to but as recent as in late August this year and early this month, CBI had again issued LRs to Afghanistan and Pakistan Government seeking information with regards to IC 814 Hijacking. The LR sent to Afghanistan is specifically about verifying the facts on Kandahar airport and to trace and question General Usmani, the Taliban Commander.
Taliban Commandoes in action
Photo: CBI
General Usmani, Taliban Commander used to come to Indian negotiation team which reached Kandahar to negotiate with the hijackers for the safe release of passengers and crew intermittently with Taliban Foreign Minister Muttawakil. A senior officer, Ghanshyam, of Indian High Commission who moved from Islamabad to Kandahar before the negotiation team, has kept minute to minute record of the Taliban and Hijackers. Hijackers did not had much weapons before but on 27th December 1999 morning, hijackers suddenly got huge cache of arms including different types of hand grenades and walki talkies. Where did they got these, CBI wants to know from General Usmani and airport staff. Besides, what happened to hijackers as why they were they allowed to carry weapons after their demands were met. Did Taliban keep a record of hijackers trails. However, intelligence input clearly indicated and even FBI was told that the hijackers stayed back in Afghanistan and in the evening all including released terrorists had dinner with Osama bin Laden at his Kandahar home. Why did Taliban provided them vehicles before they vanished into Pakistan.

Strangely, Indian Government has not handed over IC 814 Hijack investigations to NIA, the agency mandated with all terror case. Due to non cooperation from USA, there is still a void in the investigation, which has helped terror network thrive in the subcontinent. There are many questions which need to be answered more so by America especially in the wake of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s US visit. Why did the USA not cooperate with India in nipping terror in the bud? Why the hijackers are still at large despite huge presence of American forces in Afghanistan and even in Pakistan? Why Pakistan is still a hub of vicious terror cycle? Why America failed to take stock of the fact that IC 814 hijack was possibly a pre run for 9/11 attack by terrorists? Why is FBI shy of ISI when repeat requests were made from India? 

al-Qaeda Leader Al Jawahiri
The cooperation between both the nations have become all the more important in the wake of al-Qaeda’s top leader Ayman al-Zawahri  calling for establishing Indian branch of al-Qaeda named as, Jamaat Qaidat al-jihad fi’shibhi al-qarrat al-Hindiya or al-Qaeda in Indian Subcontinent. Ayman al-Zawahri also renewed a longstanding vow of loyalty to Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Omar. The threat of al-Qaeda launching a major attack can not be wished away. Same way, America needs cooperation of India in West Asia to deal with the menace of ISIS. So it’s a win win situation for both the nations to reset their strategic partnership forgetting the past and reminiscing ‘the Forgotten Enemy’.

The Pakistani Hijackers Still At Large:
Chief Hijacker
@ Ibrahim athar
Chief Hijacker@ Ibrahim athar @ Ahmed Ali Mohd. Shaikh @ Javed Amjad Siddiqui @ A. A. Shaikh R/o 6-B-1260/108, Kauser Colony, Model Town, Bhawalpur, Pakistan and Post Box No. 7181, Sadar, Karachi, H. No. 241, Gulshan Iqbal, Plot No. 2, Karachi and Flat No. 4, Dady Mansion Sadar, Regal Chowk, Karachi, Pakistan.

Sunny Ahmed Qazi
Burger@ Sunny Ahmed Qazi @ S. A. Sayeed @ Moti @ Khalid R/o Gulshan Iqbal Area, Karachi, Pakistan.

Shahid Sayeed Akhtar

Doctor@ Shahid Sayeed Akhtar @ S. A. Sayeed @ Moti @ Khalid 
R/o Gulshan Iqbal Area, Karachi, Pakistan.

Zahoor Ibrahim Mistri

Bhola@ Zahoor Ibrahim Mistri @ Z. I. Mistri, 
S/o Ibrahim Yunus Mistri, 
R/o Akhtar Colony, Near Defence Area, 
Karachi, Pakistan.

Shankar@ Shakir
Shankar@ Shakir @ Rajesh Gopal Verma @ R. G. Verma @ Farooq Abdul Aziz Siddiqui, 
S/o Abdul Aziz Siddiqui 
R/o Sukkur, Sindh, Pakistan

Absconding Pakistani Conspirators:
Abdul Rauf, S/o Allah Baksh Sabir Alvi, R/o 6-B-1260/108, Kauser Colony, Model Towrn, Distt. Bhawalpur, Pakistan and House No. 241 Gulshan Iqbal, Plot No. 2, Karachi, Pakistan and Flat No. 4, Dady Mansion, Sadar, Regal Chowk, Karachi Pakistan.

Yusuf Azhar
Yusuf Azhar, R/o 6-B-Alvi, R/o 6-B-1260/108, Kauser Colony, Model Town, Distt. Bhawalpur, Pakistan and 
House No. 241 Gulshan Iqbal, Plot No. 2, Karachi, Pakistan and 
Flat No. 4, Dady Mansion, Sadar, Regal Chowk, Karachi Pakistan.